Everything about Indian Farming and Agriculture

Indian Agriculture: A brief OutlookAgriculture accounted for 14% of Indias GDP in 2016-17 and provided employment to more than half a billion people. The share of Agriculture in employment is close to 54% as on 2016-17.Indian Agriculture is dominated by the small-scale farming and is characterised by low productivity.The average size of land holding in Indian Agriculture is less than 2 hectares.The low land holding size means that most of the Indian farmer practices subsistence farming, where th...
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India Bhutan Relations

Strategic Importance of Bhutan for IndiaBhutan in a buffer state between India and china. Bhutan shares a 470 km long border with China. Traditionally, the Himalayan kingdom acted as a buffer state between the India and China.Strategic importance: The Chumbi Valley is situated at the trijunction of Bhutan, India and China and is 500 km away from the  Chickens neck  in North Bengal, which connects the northeast with rest of the country.To contain insurgency in North-East:Bhutan has in t...
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Improve your writing skills for Mains Exam

You need to write in a style that is good, neat, systematic, error-free, aesthetic, and one that shows your erudition. This article gives you insights on how to improve writing skills for UPSC mains exam.Put on your reading glassesYou can improve your writing by reading a lot. Sure, you have to read a lot for your IAS preparation, but the next time when you read a newspaper or magazine, do focus on the written content style also. Reading more familiarises you with good writing practices subconsc...
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Should the Office of Governor be scrapped?

Why in news? The office of Governor came under scanner recently in Karnataka when instead of inviting the post-poll alliance partners which had the number in the floor of the house, the Governor invited the single largest party which was way short of the majority. The role of Governor also came into the scanner in Goa, Uttarakhand and Arunachal Pradesh. Appointment of Governor The governor is head of the state.The governor is neither directly elected by the people nor elected a sp...
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How to remember so many subjects in UPSC?

How to remember so many subjects in UPSC?Here, I will provide some basic tips and techniques to improve your memory skills and in later part of discussion I will provide you some strategies on each subject also.The Ebbinghaus Forgetting CurveFirst, just how quickly do we forget? Its by no means a hard-and-fast rule for every person, but Hermann Ebbinghaus (German psychologist) noticed startling trends from his research back in 1885. Based upon his own memory, Ebbinghaus studied random syllables ...
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Inequality In India- Need For Inclusive Growth

Inequality In India- Need For Inclusive GrowthOxfam Internationals report titled  An Economy of the 99 percent, released at World Economic Forum 2017, brought to light the income inequality issue in India. According to the report, Indias richest 1% holds 58% of the countrys wealth and that 57 billionaires in India have the same wealth as that of bottom 70 percent of the population. The statistics show the status of inequality in India.Though inequality generally brings to our mind economic ...
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Police Reforms In India

Police Reforms In IndiaIn Criminal Justice System Law enforcement agency plays a critical role in securing the safety of society. The policing system has been designed as the primary enforcement agency that looks after the maintenance of Law and order in the country. A brief analysis of current scenario and prospects of Police Governance is covered by the article.Historical BackgroundThe Police System is a colonial legacy. The first Police commission was set up in 1857 soon after the mutiny. Fir...
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STRESS MANAGEMENT FOR UPSC ASPIRANT

STRESS MANAGEMENT FOR UPSC ASPIRANTJuly 3 , 2018 Shiksha IAS AcademyOne of the most noticeable effects of stress in one's life is the changes in his performance. While we can easily recognize the consequences of normal or excessive amounts of stress through mere observation, it's best to learn about the scientific relationship between stress and performance.The Stress Response CurveTo better understand the effects of stress to performance, Nixon, P. (1979) created the following graph of the...
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Globalization India's Response

What is the issue?The increasing protectionism in the West is leaving way for arguments against the relevance of globalization at present.It is essential that India evaluates its policies and approaches at this transitioning juncture.What results has globalization created?Flows from private sector in the form of FDI and FII have become more important than flows from World Bank Group and ADB.Globalization has made the world more inclusive.The big gainers have been Asian countries, led by China, b...
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Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA)

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the Prime Minister gave its approval for restructured Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA).The Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Rajiv Gandhi Panchayat Sashaktikaran Abhiyan (RGPSA) was launched during the 12th Five-year Plan period to strengthen the Panchayati Raj system across the country and to address the critical gaps that constrain it.The components for which support is extended under the programme include the f...
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World Malaria Day: 25th April

 The first  World Malaria Day was observed on 25 April, 2008 led by the World Health Organisation (WHO). The theme for the 2018 World Malaria Day is Ready to beat malaria. Malaria is typically caused by a parasite called as the Plasmodium. Though there are many forms of the Plasmodia parasites, but only five are known to cause malaria in humans. The five types are:- Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale, Plasmodium malariae and Plasmodium knowlesi.  The pa...
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Ordinance making powers of the Executive in India

Ordinance making powers of the President:Article 123 of the Constitution grants the President certain law making powers to promulgate Ordinances when, either of the two Houses of Parliament or both the houses are not in session and hence it is not possible to enact laws in the Parliament.An Ordinance may relate to any subject that the Parliament has the power to legislate on. Conversely, it has the same limitations as the Parliament to legislate, given the distribution of powers between the Unio...
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Procedure for Removal of Judges in India

The Constitution, along with the Judges (Inquiry) Act, 1968 and the Judges (Inquiry) Rules, 1969, provides for the entire process of Impeachment.The Article 124(4) of the Constitution says:  A Judge of the Supreme Court shall not be removed from his office except by an order of the President passed after an address by each House of Parliament supported by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of that House present and v...
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Dreams are Built one Step a Day (and may take decades)- By Nagarajan M (District Collector at Aravalli District, Gujarat)

I joined as District Collector and District Magistrate at Aravalli District(HQ-Modasa), Gujarat. After covering Smart Villages and Smart Cities this tenure will provide me an opportunity to lead one of the newly formed districts of Gujarat.It all started with a simple question about who is the biggest person in government. My father replied that its the District Collector. From then on the dream to be a Collector burned deep inside for the next 25 years.The journey was n...
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UPSC IAS Topper Soumyadip Bhattacharya (Geography Optional Paper-II (Marks 152))

Map EntriesBefore 2013, map entries played an important role in deciding your fate in Paper II (60 marks question , 15X4). But, in the new pattern, its weight-age has been reduced drastically (only 20 marks). Like most of the engineers, my performance was very poor in this section (I had marked hardly four entries correct in 2014). But this time, I went through the previous year question papers and noticed that at least 60% map entries are repeated. Obviously exception may happen in a year or tw...
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How to cover The Hindu news paper?

Many aspirants, like you, would have this question in mind  how much time should I spend daily on The Hindu newspaper reading?Why is The Hindu preferred for IAS Preparation?The Hindu provides essential information and news analysis with facts and data which are very important in UPSC current affairs preparation. Further, The Hindu has good reputation and editorials provide good insight into the current issues.Apart from The Hindu, you can also refer to The Indian Express paper which is also...
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